Landfills have become the most common waste solution in Canada, with approximately 70% of all waste being sent to various landfills across the country. The sheer amount of land that Canada possesses makes landfills the simplest option for waste removal. Landfills however are not the most environmentally responsible solution to waste, and there are many better alternatives.
Recycling is the most obvious alternative to sending waste to a landfill. A wide range of materials can be recycled at least to some degree, and recycling can even yield potential financial benefits. Materials such as wood products, metals such as steel and aluminum, plastics, and particularly glasses can all be recycled in order to regain some utility from the used product. Click here to visit the Recycling Council of Ontario to learn more about what is recyclable. Panda Environmental specializes in providing recycling services alongside waste removal services for all of our clients.
Waste to Energy (WTE) incineration is a process that uses waste as a fuel in order to create energy. This allows for products thrown out to experience a second utility life by being used to create additional energy, which can then be used by society. The downside to this process is that additional greenhouse gases in the form of CO2 are created. This CO2 production compares to the greenhouse gas emissions that are created when creating energy from coal.
Anaerobic digestion is a process by which bacteria and other microorganisms can break down organic waste without the need for oxygen and open air. It is seen as a renewable energy process, which uses waste to create methane, among other products. This methane can be used to power various engines, or can be further upgraded into natural gas. Anaerobic digestion is a relatively new process, which is just starting to gain attention as both a waste management, and power creating process.
Composting is a process that allows biological waste, such as rotten food, to break down naturally. This process is extremely environmentally friendly, and is starting to be done on an industrial scale in response to the swelling size of landfills. Composting allows for organic waste to be recycled rapidly, and be turned into fertilizer, which can be used in farming. Panda specializes in organic waste recycling, and is able to assist in getting a composting solution working along side standard waste removal services.
There are several other advanced waste management technologies that are being developed. Pyrolysis uses high temperatures to break down organic waste into smaller portions, which can then be disposed of more easily. Another process known as plasma arc gasification catalyzes organic matter into synthetic gases and solid waste known as slag. The slag can then be used as a solid for construction material and other purposes. These processes are still in the development stages, and are not seeing widespread use.